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Protestant Modernist Pamphlets

Science and Religion in the Scopes Era

Edward B. Davis

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A critical edition of ten rare pamphlets on science and religion published from 1922–1931 by the University of Chicago Divinity School.

In the years surrounding the Scopes trial in 1925, liberal Protestant scientists, theologians, and clergy sought to diminish opposition to evolution and to persuade American Christians to adopt more positive attitudes toward modern science. With funding from the Rockefeller Foundation and many leading scientists, the University of Chicago Divinity School published a series of ten pamphlets on science and religion to counter William Jennings Bryan's efforts to...

A critical edition of ten rare pamphlets on science and religion published from 1922–1931 by the University of Chicago Divinity School.

In the years surrounding the Scopes trial in 1925, liberal Protestant scientists, theologians, and clergy sought to diminish opposition to evolution and to persuade American Christians to adopt more positive attitudes toward modern science. With funding from the Rockefeller Foundation and many leading scientists, the University of Chicago Divinity School published a series of ten pamphlets on science and religion to counter William Jennings Bryan's efforts to ban evolution in public schools.

In Protestant Modernist Pamphlets, historian Edward B. Davis, who discovered these pamphlets, reprints them with extensive editorial comments, annotations, and introductions to each. Based on unpublished correspondence and internal Divinity School documents, these introductions narrate the origin of the pamphlets, as well as their funding sources and how readers reacted to them. Letters from dozens of top scientists at the time reveal their previously unknown views on God and the relationship between science and religion. Viewed together, the pamphlets and Davis's critical assessment of their historical importance provide an intriguing perspective on Protestant modernist encounters with science in the early twentieth century.

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Book Details

Release Date
Publication Date
Status
Preorder
Trim Size
6
x
9
Pages
368
ISBN
9781421449821
Illustration Description
3 b&w photos
Table of Contents

Abbreviations and Archives Cited
Preface
Part One: Protestant Modernist Responses to Bryan
Introduction
1. "Spiking Bryan's Guns": Contested Definitions of "Science" and "Religion"
2. Liberal Protestant

Abbreviations and Archives Cited
Preface
Part One: Protestant Modernist Responses to Bryan
Introduction
1. "Spiking Bryan's Guns": Contested Definitions of "Science" and "Religion"
2. Liberal Protestant Scientists and Clergy Join Forces: The Story of the AISL Pamphlets
3. Science and Religion, Chicago Style: The Protestant Modernist Encounter with Science
Part Two: The AISL "Science and Religion" Pamphlets
Edwin Grant Conklin, Evolution and the Bible (1922)—Editorial introduction and Annotated Text
Harry Emerson Fosdick, Evolution and Mr. Bryan (1922)—Editorial introduction and Annotated Text
Shailer Mathews, How Science Helps Our Faith (1922)—Editorial introduction and Annotated Text
Robert Andrews Millikan, A Scientist Confesses His Faith (1923)—Editorial introduction and Annotated Text
Edwin Brant Frost, The Heavens are Telling (1924)—Editorial introduction and Annotated Text
Samuel Christian Schmucker, Through Science to God (1926)—Editorial introduction and Annotated Text
Michael Idvorsky Pupin, Creative Co-Ordination (1928)—Editorial introduction and Annotated Text
Harry Emerson Fosdick, Religion's Debt to Science (1928)—Editorial introduction and Annotated Text
Arthur Holly Compton, Shailer Mathews and Charles Gilkey, Life After Death (1930)—Editorial introduction and Annotated Text
Kirtley Fletcher Mather, The Religion of a Geologist (1931)—Editorial introduction and Annotated Text
Appendices
Appendix One: AISL Pamphlets and Related Publications
Appendix Two: Publication Runs for AISL Pamphlets and Millikan "Statement"
Appendix Three (A): Scientists Who Supported AISL Pamphlets, 1922-1928
Appendix Three (B): Scientists Who Supported AISL Pamphlets, 1928-1934
Notes
Index

Author Bio
Featured Contributor

Edward B. Davis

Edward B. Davis is professor emeritus of the history of science at Messiah University and a fellow of the International Society for Science & Religion. He is the coeditor of The Works of Robert Boyle and Robert Boyle: A Free Enquiry into the Vulgarly Received Notion of Nature.