Articles should be submitted as email attachments. Please include a 100-word abstract (required for articles only; instructions below).
Address submissions to: firstname.lastname@example.org
Submissions may be emailed in any bibliographical, footnoting, or end-noting style or format; if accepted, we will ask you to bring your article into conformity with the Style Guide below.
We welcome submissions in these categories:
In the subject line of your submission, please include the category of submission, with your last name placed first, e.g., “Werthamer, Article submission,” or “Hagberg, Notes and Fragments submission,” etc. All submissions of any length go through editorial review.
In addition, the editor will on occasion bring articles together into either Symposia, a set of four or five articles that speak to each other on a given topic or author, or In Focus columns, with two or three articles on a specific and narrowly defined topic.
PLEASE NOTE: Address all correspondence concerning Philosophy and Literature to email@example.com only: using other email addresses at Bard College or Johns Hopkins University Press will only complicate and delay matters. We receive an extraordinary number of submissions and emails from around the world, and we try to reply as quickly as humanly possible. Patience is a virtue—one that we particularly appreciate. If a delay is longer than what you regard as reasonable, please resend your email.
PLEASE NOTE AGAIN: This Style Guide is relevant ONLY for ACCEPTED submissions; you are welcome to submit your piece in any format.
Philosophy and Literature follows the specifications of the most recent edition of the Chicago Manual of Style. Authors who are unable to locate this valuable book should carefully study the bibliographic style of previous issues of the journal. Among the most important aspects to note: The journal uses endnotes rather than footnotes, and does not use Works Cited lists.
We urge authors to cooperate in careful manuscript preparation and adherence to this guide and the Chicago Manual. Such assistance will expedite the appearance of your manuscript.
Your abstract: some friendly advice. We like to see abstracts, of 100 words or fewer, with submitted papers (though some sections of P&L do not include abstracts). Please give us an abstract that entices, or intrigues, or even exerts a special conceptual magnetism. We want an abstract that people will read and think of your article, “I simply cannot go on without reading this!”
(1) Quotation. Please check and double check all quotations. In general, avoid very long block quotations; readers come to your article because they want to know what you have to say. Never begin an article with a quotation of longer than one sentence. Quotations of up to seven lines in typescript should be run in as part of the main text. Quotations of more than seven lines should be set as block quotations.
(2) References. Where the same book is to be referred to more than once in your article, use an endnote for the first citation (with all relevant bibliographic information, including principal city of publication). Subsequent citations should appear in the text in a shortened form, using either the name of the author or (preferably) an abbreviated form of the book title. Here is an example, complete with references to two books by the same author.
1. E. D. Hirsch Jr., Validity in Interpretation (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1967); hereafter abbreviated VI.
2. Richard E. Palmer, Hermeneutics (Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1969), p. 60.
3. One should also consult Jesse Kalin, “John Barth and Moral Nihilism,” Philosophy and Literature 1 (1977): 170–82.
4. One of the most interesting criticisms of Hirsch is that of Monroe Beardsley in The Possibility of Criticism (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1970), esp. pp. 24–31. Joseph Margolis criticizes Beardsley’s ideas in “Robust Relativism,” Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 35 (1976): 37–46; hereafter abbreviated “RR.”
5. E. D. Hirsch Jr., The Aims of Interpretation (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1976); hereafter abbreviated AI.
And here is how the references appear in the main text:
He calls this “the only practical norm for a cognitive discipline of interpretation” (AI, p. 7). Again, “the object of interpretation is no automatic given, but a task that the interpreter sets himself” (VI, p. 25). For Margolis, on the other hand, “a relativistic conception of interpretation . . . may well be required” (“RR,” p. 44).
When only a single book is being discussed in your text, the bibliographic endnote should say “hereafter cited by page number,” and used thus in the text:
Critical modes are treated “not as positions to be defended but as locations or openings to be explored” (p. 339). Whatever you do, don’t rule your opponent out of the community (p. 28); follow Booth in his “simple effort to be a good citizen in the republic of criticism” (p. 34).
Be careful that the quotation “is followed by the page number in parentheses before the period” (pp. 23–24), except following a block quotation, where the period precedes the citation. Don’t pepper your page with numbers: if you have many separate quotations from a one- or two-page stretch of text, a single reference at the end of the paragraph will suffice. When citing the same book multiple times in a single paragraph, use the shortened form in the first reference, then page number only for subsequent references in that paragraph.
(3) Bibliographic style. Again, the aim is simplicity and clarity, consistent with Chicago style. Avoid “ibid.” and never use “op. cit.” or “loc. cit.” Here are some examples of bibliographic citations:
6. Northrop Frye, Anatomy of Criticism (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1957), pp. 115–28.
Translated book. Note volume number in arabic, not roman, numerals:
7. Umberto Cassuto, A Commentary on the Book of Genesis, vol. 1, trans. Israel Abrahams (Jerusalem: Hebrew University, 1961), p. 69.
8. Letter to Witold Hulewicz, the Polish translator of Duino Elegies, November 13, 1925. R. M. Rilke, Briefe (Wiesbaden: Insel, 1950), p. 480 (my translation).
9. Jean-Paul Sartre, Being and Nothingness, trans. Hazel Barnes (New York: Philosophical Library, 1966), p. 42.
10. Ludwig Wittgenstein, Zettel, ed. G. E. M. Anscombe and G. H. von Wright, trans. G. E. M. Anscombe (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1967).
Same article in journal and book. Note that journal references use a colon before page numbers; books use “pp.”:
11. For an excellent discussion of this ode, see C. P. Segal, “Sophocles’s Praise of Man and the Conflicts of the Antigone,” Arion 3 (1964): 46–66; reprinted in Sophocles: A Collection of Critical Essays, ed. T. Woodard (Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, 1966), pp. 62–85.
Mixed references with one author. Note again use of colon and “pp.”:
12. See W. T. Jones, “Philosophical Disagreements and World View,” Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 43 (1969–70): 461–83; “World Views: Their Nature and Their Function,” Current Anthropology 13, no. 1 (Feb. 1972): 79–109; “Talking about Art and Primitive Society,” in The Study of Primitive Art, ed. A. Forge (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1973), pp. 256–77; “World Views and Asian Medical Systems,” in Towards a Comparative Study of Asian Medical Systems, ed. C. Leslie (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1976), pp. 383–404.
Reference to a daily or monthly. Use date of issue instead of standard journal citation:
13. Since I developed this interpretation of Descartes’s work I have read Frances Yates’s review of Brian P. Copenhaver’s Symphorien Champier in the New York Review of Books (Nov. 22, 1979).
(4) Reference to a webpage. We request that authors only cite URLs when absolutely necessary, since URLs can change. An adequate solution is simply to say that an article already identified and quoted is on the internet. Readers can then go and find it for themselves.
(5) Miscellaneous matters.
Section headings within the text are simple roman numerals (I, II, III), not titles. We trust you will make your point without needing spotlights.
Wherever possible, avoid passive subject/verb phrases such as “there were” or “it is.” The sentence in (4) above holds more immediacy by stating, “An adequate solution is simply to say. . .” than “It should be enough simply to say. . .”
The editors have noticed the increasing misuse of “cf.” “Cf.” stands for “confer,” and it means “compare with.” It is never italicized. Do not use “cf.” when you mean “see also.” “See” and “see also” are perfectly acceptable. We also do not use “ff.”; please indicate full range of page references.
All commas and periods “fall within quotation marks.” The only exception is where a page reference is given “at the end of the sentence” (pp. 463–64). (Note en-dash instead of hyphen in page citation.)
When you cite an article or a book for the first time in a numbered endnote, do not supply only partial information about the source, even if you repeat some of what is already given in the main text. Provide complete information, including author’s full name and the work’s full title, in the citation’s first endnote appearance. In other words, we do not want a reference to Mark Twain’s Huckleberry Finn to take the reader to an endnote that reads: “17. (New York: Harcourt Brace, 1958), pp. 132–33.” Give all the normal information about author and title in the note.
Avert the need to place a capital or lower-case letter in brackets. “[T]edious, academic bracket-mongering must be avoided!” A way around such nonsense is almost always available, as for example quoting in mid-sentence the editor proclaiming that “tedious, academic bracket-mongering must be avoided!” Rarely in the history of this journal have we been driven to this pedantic fussiness—and in those cases only because we didn’t have the original source material to accurately recast the quotation ourselves.
Also, please note that Chicago Manual of Style allows for insertion of capital or lower-case letters in quotations if warranted in the context.
If possible, avoid references to current political or other fleeting contemporary events that would tend to date your article in a way that might obscure its broader relevance and longer-range significance.
Provide English translations of all but the most obvious quotations in foreign languages; of course, cite the source, and if the translations are your own, please say so.
Finally—and a matter definitive of the spirit of this journal: jargon. The natural home for jargon is the natural sciences, where the need for technical language is undisputed. But the farther we move into the humanities, the more does a reliance on jargon become a matter of trying to attain prestige by using big words, or big phrases borrowed from what some regard as a social science. “Mutually interactive dyadic postdictive social interaction processes” can be translated into untortured English as “two people talking to each other.”
Of course, specialized language does have a place in humanistic studies—in the history of grammar, rhetoric, linguistics, and philosophy generally, to name some instances. Where necessary, use it and explain it. In some quarters of literary theory, however, within recent decades the reliance on it became a form of what our much-missed founding editor called intellectual kitsch and, whatever its name, a replacement for hard thinking. Since Philosophy and Literature deals with technical philosophers from Aristotle and Kant to Husserl and Heidegger, we do not “outlaw” jargon as some popular publications might. On the other hand, we do not appreciate where it is used to obscure and mystify. In our opinion, the most erudite, sophisticated, interesting, elegant, and intellectually disciplined writers in humanistic studies find fresh ways to articulate their views in voices that are their own. Conceptual clarity remains central among our ideals.
A remark that the elderly Kant made about jargon is as good today as it was when he wrote it, about 1790: “One doesn’t know whether to laugh harder at the charlatan who spreads all this fog . . . or at the audience which naively imagines the reason it cannot clearly recognize and grasp the masterpiece of insight is that new masses of truth are being hurled at it” (Critique of Judgment, section 47). Our readers are not the audience to which Kant is referring, and the editors of this journal ask authors to keep this in mind when preparing their final drafts for submission.
The Hopkins Press Journals Ethics and Malpractice Statement can be found at the ethics-and-malpractice page.
All submissions are read initially by the editor; some are declined at that stage as inappropriate or unacceptable in their present form. A larger number of submissions move to a second stage of closer and more detailed review by the editor, often but not invariably in consultation with members of the editorial board or, in some cases, other experts. Following this second-phase consideration, the editor makes the final decision. Intellectual depth, conceptual power and clarity, quality of writing, insightfulness, and sense of serious humane engagement are the only criteria allowed to enter into the consideration of a given submission; no external considerations of stature, academic affiliation, reputation, or of political, social, or religious identity ever come into play. We try to get answers back to authors within approximately four months of the date of submission; while we do send letters in response to all submissions, we regret that we cannot provide readers’ reports. All authors of accepted pieces are first sent a set of requests by the editor, and following authors’ revisions according to those requests, all pieces of every category are then worked through carefully and in detail with our managing editor in preparation for publication. Our acceptance rate varies depending on the number of submissions, but ranges between 6 percent and 9 percent.
Garry L. Hagberg, Bard College
Denis Dutton (1944–2010), University of Canterbury, New Zealand
Patrick Henry, Whitman College
Cynthia Werthamer, Bard College
Garry L. Hagberg, Bard College (ex officio), Chair
Cynthia Werthamer, Bard College (ex officio), Vice Chair
Robert Alter, University of California, Berkeley
Eva T. H. Brann, St. John’s College, Annapolis
Anthony J. Cascardi, University of California, Berkeley
Nancy Easterlin, University of New Orleans
Richard Eldridge, Swarthmore College
Kathleen M. Higgins, University of Texas
Walter Jost, University of Virginia
Deborah Knight, Queen's University, Canada
Joshua Landy, Stanford University
Ray Monk, University of Southampton
Alexander Nehamas, Princeton University
Alex Neill, University of Southampton
Martha Nussbaum, University of Chicago
Thomas Pavel, University of Chicago
Marjorie Perloff, Stanford University
Steven Pinker, Harvard University
Gerald Prince, University of Pennsylvania
Martin Puchner, Harvard University
Wang Ning, Tsinghua University and Shanghai Jiao Tong University
Journal editor Garry Hagberg has joined JHUP for both a video and a podcast about the journal's importance in the field.
Send books for review to:
Prof. Garry Hagberg
Annandale-on-Hudson, NY 12504-5000
Please send book review copies to the contact above. Review copies received by the Johns Hopkins University Press office will be discarded.
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19 of 53 journals, in “Literary Theory & Criticism”
53 of 204 journals, in “Literature”
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